About Church Copyright OrganizationsChurch-copyright organisations (CCO's) are bodies (usually commercial companies) that sell licences which let churches make legal copies of the words and/or music of hymns and songs.
Today, some also offer licenses that allow web-streaming, making practice/demo CD, and various other ways of sharing copyright materials.
What they doCCOs negotiate with music-publishers and other copyright owners and reach agreements about how much money the copyright-owner will get for each reported use of their words or tunes. Once they have an agreement, the works of that copyright owner are "covered" by the licences which the CCO sells to parishes, schools and other church organisations.
Key points about church-copyright licenses:
- Most CCOs only cover a limited number of countries - see below for a list of the most common ones in English-speaking countries, and the countries they cover
- No one CCO or license includes all hymns, songs.
- The songs & hymns that are covered can change over time, as the CCO's agreements change or when the rights to a lyrics, tune or arrangements are sold.
- All licences have terms and conditions. These may limit what you can do with the copies, or require you to report back to the CCO about the hymns/songs you used.
Church copyright organisations for liturgical churches
The major CCOs that cover materials which are useful to liturgical churches and which sell licences allowing churches, schools and religious communites to reproduce hymns and songs in church services are:
CCLI (Christian Copyright Licensing, Inc.)
This is the largest CCO, and offers licenses in many countries. It has a very strong marketing presence, and many people think it is the only option.
However, they are strongly geared towards evangelical / pentecostal / contemporary-Christian-music style churches. At the time of writing, their licences do not include material from many publishers / composers whose work is used by more liturgically-focussed churches, for example GIA Publication (most of the St Louis Jesuits, Bernadette Farrell) or Taizé.
LicenSing ( International Christian Resources, LLC )Covers GIA Publications, OCP, Wild Goose (Iona), and many Australian composers, in the USA, Canada, Australia and New Zealand - and they say that a Spanish-language site is coming soon.
Covers GIA, Kevin Mayhew, Veritas, and many, many more publishers, in the USA and Canada.
Word of Life International
Covers materials from GIA Publications, Taizé, Kevin Mayhew and many others, in Australia and New Zealand.
The Calamus licence covers GIA Publications, Taizé, Kevin Mayhew, McCrimmons, WLP, OCP and others in the United Kingdom and Ireland.
Do you know of others? Please leave a comment below, so the list can be expanded.